Treaty of the Month: What historic international treaty has amused me this month?


Signed in this house of the Simeonoglou family
This Month: The Treaty of San Stefano
 

Who?: The 'Preliminary' Treaty of San Stefano was a treaty between Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed at the end of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78.
 

When and Where?: It was signed on March 3, 1878 at San Stefano (now Yesilköy), a village west of Istanbul known for its exceedingly good hunting facilities favoured by the elite of Istanbul, by Count Nicholas Pavlovich Ignatiev and Alexander Nelidov on behalf of the Russian Empire and Foreign Minister Safvet Pasha and Ambassador to Germany Sadullah Bey on behalf of the Ottoman Empire.
 

Effects: 
The treaty set up the autonomous self-governing tributary principality of Bulgaria with a Christian government and the right to keep a standing army.
 

In exchange for the war reparations, the Ottomans ceded Armenian and Georgian territories in the Caucasus to Russia, including Ardahan, Artvin, Batum, Kars, Olti, and Beyazit. Additionally, it ceded Northern Dobruja, which Russia handed to Romania in exchange for Southern Bessarabia.
 

Montenegro more than doubled its territory with former Ottoman areas, including Nikšic, Podgorica and Antivari, and the Ottoman Empire was forced to recognize its independence.
 

The Straits of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles were declared open to all neutral ships in war and peacetime.

Why has it amused me?: It was scrapped after only two months, ah the intransigent Balkans -if ever a region was overused as a justification for European statesmen to travel to affluent destinations to drink expensive brandy and shoot exorbitant amounts of wild game in the name of 'maintaining the balance of power'.